THE MANNIFESTO: VOLUME III, CHAPTER I
In A Page from History, I present an exhaustive theory of Stannis’s northern campaign. In particular, I argue in favor of a particular key component of the king’s strategy—a false flag attack on the Dreadfort.
Consider the superficial appearance of Stannis’s armies and campaign by the end of A Dance with Dragons, even if the Night Lamp theory proves largely correct. We are still left in a nasty predicament: Stannis may win at the crofter’s village, yet he is still faced with an impossible task:
Stannis and his starving army cannot hope to defeat Roose Bolton and his allies:
Not only do Roose’s men outnumber his own, but Bolton’s are holding fortified position from within the walls of Winterfell. Stannis holds virtually no chance of defeating Roose Bolton in siege combat, certainly not before he armies are destroyed through starvation or exposure.
It seems only reasonable to wonder if Stannis anticipated this possibility. If the king did, we can then wonder if he might have hatched some scheme that would change the situation in his favor. Stannis is well known for his caution—he would consider various contingencies and establish alternate plans.
NOTE: This may sound presumptuous, but I believe it’s unreasonable to think that Stannis is anything less than comprehensive in his strategic planning.
So then, the big question looms:
I find the answer to be breathtakingly simple.
Stannis is going to seize the Dreadfort while the Boltons are in Winterfell.
Before we even consider such a claim, I must acknowledge that it immediately raises two obvious questions:
Remember that this essay is largely designed to support the larger strategy argued in A Page from History. To that end, this essay provides a detailed answer to the first question: I explain the various motives that would drive Stannis to pursue the Dreadfort.
The latter question is a subject for other essays in the The Mannifesto, and are introduced in later sections of A Page from History’s overview of Stannis’s campaign.
* * *
There are three main reasons which make it the most prominent of Stannis’s choices.
- The Dreadfort is one of the most well-provisioned sites in the north—an important source of supply in the face of the oncoming winter.
- Through the movement of troops in the north, the Dreadfort has been left exposed—vulnerable to surprise attack.
- The Dreadfort represents one of the only ways to goad Roose Bolton himself into pitched combat.
- A Source of Supply. The status of provisions throughout the north, with an emphasis of the Dreadfort.
- A Castle Weakly Held. Despite the way A Dance for Dragons played out, the Dreadfort remained dangerously undermanned.
- Drawing Out the Leech. The only way to goad Roose Bolton into sticking his neck out.
* * *
A SOURCE OF SUPPLY
The answer varies from lord to lord, some are facing certain doom and others are well-stocked.
The Need for Provisions
The concern for supplies is not lost on Stannis (or Mance). Indeed, you must assume that he understands the basic principle that an army marches on its stomach, in the words of Napoleon.
If either man recognizes the need for adequate supply, then how do they plan on ensuring the survival of their men, the wildlings and possibly even the Night’s Watch?
The answer to this question forms the central focus of Stannis’s endgame in the north, the events that will rally the North to his cause:
Stannis will capture a well-provisioned location.
There is only one such location available to Stannis that would service this need. Thus it is predictable that he would have designs to capture it:
Stannis will capture the Dreadfort for its provisions.
* * *
Feast or Famine
When discussing concerns for supplies, the best place to start is with a review of the provisions associated with each lord in the north.
In general, A Dance with Dragons tends not to describe the amount of provisions each lord possesses. In the few cases when a lord’s provision are described, it is often in extremes: a lord being either ‘well-provisioned’ or ‘totally screwed’.
In an abstract sense, this creates a hierarchy of three levels describing the status of provisions among lords:
The books specifically mentioned that these lords have superior amounts of provisions, enough to sustain armies and/or endure harsh seasons.
No description of provisions was provided for these lords. This suggests that we cannot assume either extreme for these houses.
- Totally Screwed.
The books have pointedly mentioned that these lords have insufficient supplies.
We can then sort each of the northern lords and/or their armies into these abstract categories:
- House Bolton / The Dreadfort
- House Manderly / White Harbor
- Stannis’s Army
- The Night’s Watch
- House Stout
Any house not mentioned can be assumed to be neutral with regards to its provisions.
Notice that several of the screwed houses/locations have implicit allegiances to Stannis, and are strategically valuable. Even if he succeeds in taking Winterfell he will still need provisions. He needs them to endure.
* * *
A Lack of Interest in Provisions
The purpose of the above exercise was to illustrate n:
The books have stated that the harvest is over, and many lords were unable to reap all their crops. Supplies cannot be improved through agrarian means. With that option unavailable, only two remain:
- Borrow or purchase provisions.
- Seize provisions.
In A Dance with Dragons and The Winds of Winter, we see that both Stannis and Jon Snow borrow from the Iron Bank of Braavos.
Jon sought to use the monies to purchase provisions. However, Stannis’s only purpose for the money was to procure mercenaries. It’s interesting that Stannis and his men are presently starving in the wilderness and yet he decides that mercenaries are more important to him than even food.
Now you could attribute this disregard for provisions to be stupidity or obsession beyond reason. However, that is inconsistent with the very intelligent, very sane king we see in Theon’s sample chapter from The Winds of Winter.
Thus, his apparent lack of concern for buying provisions suggests a confidence in finding them elsewhere. And as I pointed out, if he does not borrow or buy provisions he must seize them instead.
* * *
Seizing Provisions in Lieu of Buying Them
In the absence of buying provisions, Stannis must seize them.
The answer to the first question is clear—Stannis cannot just seize anyone’s provisions. Seizing goods from any of the lesser-provisioned sites seems like a sure ticket to dooming whatever community he pillages. Doing anything of the sort would threaten the loyalty of his northmen.
Furthermore, it seems entirely reasonable that Stannis can only adequately resupply if he seizes the assets from one of the well-provisioned sites.
The remaining conclusion is clear: Stannis needs a well-provisioned site that he can attack with impunity.
Recalling that Stannis needs to minimize northern casualties in order to thereafter sway bannermen to his cause, it seems unlikely that he would target Manderly. It also poses the hazard of leaving the Boltons to his rear, a foolish risk.
He can only attack a site that the northmen would not object to.
Thus we arrive at the conclusion:
The Dreadfort is the only politically viable place for Stannis to find vital, necessary provisions.
* * *
A Bastard’s Disclosure
In order for us to believe that Stannis’s motives against the Dreadfort would include its provisions, we have to address one question:
Jon Snow provided Stannis with an abundance of information that helped his overall strategy. One such morsel was the status of provisions in the Dreadfort:
“There are risks and risks, Ser Richard. This one … it is too much, too soon, too far away. I know the Dreadfort. It is a strong castle, all of stone, with thick walls and massive towers. With winter coming you will find it well provisioned. Centuries ago, House Bolton rose up against the King in the North, and Harlon Stark laid siege to the Dreadfort. It took him two years to starve them out. To have any hope of taking the castle, Your Grace would need siege engines, towers, battering rams …”
— JON IV, A DANCE WITH DRAGONS
* * *
So stealing the Dreadfort for it’s harvest makes a great deal of sense. Obviously stealing it from the Boltons makes sense for other reasons.
However, this is far from the most important reason to take the Dreadfort.
* * *
AN EMPTY CASTLE
If you’ve read the first three phases of Stannis’s strategy—as proposed in A Page from History, then you know that I believe in the following:
Stannis fakes his death and defeat, despite achieving a crushing victory at the crofter’s village. Subsequently, Stannis marches his armies in secret to Winterfell, to lurk outside its gates.
Irrespective of these claims, the obstacle remains: Stannis still has the impossible task of taking Winterfell. This leads to the natural conclusion:
Stannis plans to subvert the defense of Winterfell using a tactic based on guile and/or maneuver.
Let us consider the hypothetical scenario: some secret force captures the Dreadfort whilst the Boltons linger at Winterfell.
What Would Bolton Do?
Common sense says that he must retake the castle. Particularly since its one of the only remaining ‘well-provisioned’ locations.
Considering that this would involve besieging his own castle, you’d think he’d take his army. How many would that be?
4,000 – Remainder of Robb’s army, mostly Dreadfort men (ADWD Reek II – “Twenty thousand swords and spears had gone off to war with Robb, or near enough to make no matter, but only two in ten were coming back, and most of those were Dreadfort men.”)
In fact, let’s say that the Boltons reverse what they did in A Dance with Dragons; they leave a garrison at Winterfell since Stannis is dead and take the remainder in an effort to retake the Dreadfort.
* * *
Sneaking in the Front Door
There is a genius cleverness to this plan:
If the Boltons need to retake the Dreadfort, they will take their army with them.
With Stannis faking his death and right outside Winterfell, this leaves him with a ripe opportunity to sneakily seize the castle.
Once you see it, once you think about this idea, it’s unshakeable in its “rightness”:
- It’s the only plausible explanation for how Stannis planned to take a castle occupied by over five thousand men. Particularly when you account for Stannis’s own dwindling, divided army. Remember the point I made in Suicidal Tendencies: taking Winterfell does not necessarily mean defeating the Boltons.
- It’s the only viable explanation for how he planned to take a castle quickly enough as to not entirely perish in the wilderness.
* * *
That Vainglorious Book
Another factor that enables such a genius ploy is Stannis’s very presence:
By merely posing a threat to Winterfell, Stannis effectively ‘pinned’ the Boltons at Winterfell. In doing so he allowed for another force to come in and ransack their backsides.
“A bold claim”, some might say. “You would have expected some foreshadowing or something”, others might argue.
Indeed, there was:
“When the Young Dragon conquered Dorne, he used a goat track to bypass the Dornish watchtowers on the Boneway.”
“I know that tale as well, but Daeron made too much of it in that vainglorious book of his. Ships won that war, not goat tracks. Oakenfist broke the Planky Town and swept halfway up the Greenblood whilst the main Dornish strength was engaged in the Prince’s Pass.” Stannis drummed his fingers on the map. “These mountain lords will not hinder my passage?”
— JON IV, A DANCE WITH DRAGONS
Stannis divulges his opinion on Daeron in detail. He points out that Daeron’s presence in the Prince’s Pass tied up the Dornish. Specifically he’s saying that because Daeron tied up the Dornish in this manner, it is what enabled Oakenfist to nail them from behind.
Stannis’s interpretation of Daeron’s conquest betrays the exact principal that underlies his entire strategy for the north.
Supporting this allegation is the fact that Stannis’s opinion regarding Daeron emerges at the very end of the council in which the king had been forming his very strategy against the Boltons. One might even think that Stannis would not have realized this point if Jon had not blurted out his own opinion on Daeron first.
* * *
Between the opportunity for vital provisions and the huge strategic implications: it seems undeniable that capturing the Dreadfort would be a part of any comprehensive plan Stannis may have had. Once you see the benefits, it seems ludicrous that Stannis would pass up the opportunity. You don’t even need to like any other element of the Mannifesto to see this.
However, there is an unspoken premise to all of this:
The Boltons could not know about any effort to take the Dreadfort.
If they knew about any such possibility, they would not have allowed the castle to be put at such risk.
This means that any attempt to take the Dreadfort would have needed to satisfy two requirements:
The mission to take the Dreadfort must be a secret mission: there must be no way for the Boltons to learn of it.
The mission to take the Dreadfort must not be conducted by anyone in Stannis’s army.
This latter point bears some small measure of explaining: Stannis must always be on-guard for traitors amid his army or spies in the surrounding territories.
Had Stannis left any significant component of his military at Castle Black, it risks costing Stannis the element of surprise if he attacks the Dreadfort.
This is why Stannis needed to leverage the wildlings to conduct the attack: surprise is almost guaranteed since nobody expects the wildling inquisition.
In any case, the idea that Stannis still intends to take the Dreadfort lends new irony to the following:
“The Dreadfort will be the proof of that.”
“Despite the counsel of the great Lord Snow? Aye. Horpe and Massey may be ambitious, but they are not wrong. I dare not sit idle whilst Roose Bolton’s star waxes and mine wanes. I must strike and show the north that I am still a man to fear.”
— JON IV, A DANCE WITH DRAGONS
* * *
DRAWING OUT THE LEECH
Attacking the Dreadfort is perhaps the only likely way to ensure that Roose Bolton himself departs from Winterfell.
Roose Bolton is infamous for throwing his bannermen into harm’s way. It’s perhaps his signature strategy, and perhaps in this way it is also his weakness.
Here’s an exercise for you:
Imagine as many varied ways that Stannis might scheme to defeat Bolton or take Winterfell.
The Dreadfort is unique amongst targets as it pertains to Roose Bolton:
- It is the very seat of his power,
- The source of his winter provisions,
- And the home to all of his soldiers.
If Stannis wants to truly defeat Roose Bolton in combat, with any sort of efficiency greater than a prolonged siege, seizing the Dreadfort is the only seemly option.
* * *
This relatively simple essay only had one goal: to clearly show that there are many reasons for Stannis to have a secret interest in the Dreadfort.
The importance of these facts are left to later essays in The Mannifesto. You can either plunge forward via the main Table of Contents (or pop-up menu at the top of the site), or you can return to A Page from History and continue on with my overview of Stannis’s strategy.
The latter theory regarding the wildlings is something I hope to explore in Volume IV. I think it is compelling, but far less likely to be something concocted entirely by Stannis.